Child developmental Milestones Preschoolers Five Years

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Developmental Milestones - Preschoolers Five Years


  • gains 4 to 5 pounds per year; weighs an average of 38 to 45 pounds
  • grows an average of 2 to 2.5 inches per year; is approximately 42 to 46 inches tall
  • heart rate (pulse) is approximately 90-110 beats per minute
  • respiratory rate ranges from 20-30 depending on activity and emotional status
  • may begin to lose “baby” (deciduous) teeth
  • visual acuity is 20/20 using the Snellen E chart
  • grow into slimmer, straighter children
  • arms, trunk, and legs lengthen
  • legs grow faster than the rest of the body
  • bones become denser


  • walks unassisted up and down stairs, alternating feet
  • bends to touch toes without flexing knees
  • learns to skip using alternating feet
  • rides a tricycle or wheeled toy with speed and skillful steering; some children learn to ride bicycles
  • builds three dimensional structures with small cubes by copying from a picture or model
  • reproduces many shapes and letters: square, triangle, A, I, O, U, C, H, L, T, V
  • demonstrates good control of pencil or marker; may begin to color within the lines
  • hand dominance is usually established
  • become more poised and controlled
  • may seem less active because he is not in constant restless movement
  • can stand on one foot
  • run on their toes
  • love jumping
  • bounces and catches a ball
  • runs in even strides
  • ascends and descends stairs smoothly and with a foot-alternating pattern
  • jumps and hops
  • pours liquids from various containers
  • dresses self fairly well
  • prints letters and numbers


  • builds steps with set of small blocks
  • understands concept of same shape, same size
  • sorts objects on the basis of both color and form
  • rote count to twenty and above
  • recognizes numerals from one to ten
  • knows what a calendar is for
  • continues to ask many questions
  • eager to learn new things
  • forms rectangle from two triangular cuts
  • powers of thought developing rapidly
  • learn best by doing
  • powers of recognition are developed
  • imagine and fantasize in a controlled way
  • begins to develop the ability to deal with abstraction
  • begins to distinguish between appearance and reality
  • begins to understand false beliefs
  • perceives another person’s point of view
  • develops increased memory and attention span and can recall objects and events
  • develops counting, math, and problem solving skills
  • speaks fluently and correctly, but may confuse sounds f, s and th
  • sings or says jingles and rhymes, and like riddle and jokes
  • enjoys hearing stories and later enacts them with friends
  • can quote full name, age, birthday, and address


  • vocabulary of 1500 words or more
  • tells a familiar story while looking at pictures in a book
  • identifies and names at least four colors
  • produces sentences with an average length of 5 to 7 words
  • speech is nearly 100% intelligible
  • uses “would” and “could” appropriately
  • language develops alongside their powers of thought
  • can understand more words than they can say
  • gaining an increasing precision in the use of words
  • language becomes more difficult
  • more language they have, the faster thinking will progress
  • acquires vocabulary rapidly
  • begins to use complex sentences, indicating increased understanding of grammar and structure of language
  • uses private speech more
  • understands and shows interest in printed and handwritten words; tries to read and write
  • speaks fluently and correctly, bur may confuse sounds f, s, and th
  • signs or says jingles and rhymes, and like riddles and jokes
  • enjoys hearing stories and later enacts them with friends
  • can quote full name, age, birthday and address


  • enjoys friendships; often has one or two special playmates
  • participates in group play and shared activities with the other children; suggests imaginative and elaborate play ideas
  • is affectionate and caring, especially toward younger or injured children and animals
  • generally does what parent or caregiver requests; follows directions and carries out responsibilities most of the time
  • children describe themselves almost entirely in physical terms
  • able to differentiate between themselves and other people
  • cannot easily distinguish their own thoughts and feeling from other people's


Check with a health care provider or early childhood specialist, if by the sixth birthday, the child does not:

  • alternate feet when walking down stairs
  • use 4 to 5 words in acceptable sentence structure
  • cut on a straight line with scissors
  • sit still and listen to an entire short story (5 to 7 minutes)
  • play well with other children
  • maintain eye contact when spoken to (unless this is a cultural taboo)

The information provided should be used as a general guideline and for general information. Children are unique individuals. No two children grow and develop at the same rate. If you have any questions concerning your child's development, contact your pediatrician.

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